Boston Content- Page 16
Governor John Brooks
John Brooks was a well-admired doctor, respected military officer, and politician from Massachusetts. He served as the 11th Governor of Massachusetts from 1816 to 1823 and was one of the last Federalist officials elected in the United States.
There is no statue or monument in Boston for John Brooks. There is just a simple painting that is hanging at the Massachusetts State House a few feet from where he once held office. In Medford, there is a tablet honoring her famous resident.
Picture of John Brooks hanging in the Massachusetts State House.
Fourteen things I learned about John Brooks
There's a lot to tell about John Brooks, here are a few things that I found interesting.
- There is no record on when John Brooks was born. He was baptized on May 4, 1752. In the 18th century, parents usually baptized their children within 5 days of being born.
- At the age of 14 he studied medicine under Dr. Simon Tufts in his practice in Medford.
- He was a very active in the local militia. His military experience was basically watching the British army conduct military operations and practiced various military exercises on Dr. Simon Tufts yard.
- When he turned 21, he left Medford to his own practice in nearby Reading, Massachusetts.
- While in Reading he married Miss Lucy Smith. They had three children; Lucy, Alexander Scammella and John.
- On April 19, 1775, he was alerted about the British marching to Concord from Paul Revere and lead a company of minute-men to Concord and Lexington. He arrived in Concord as the British were retreating back to Boston. His team of minute-men chased the British back to Charlestown. His calm courage was seen by many revolutionary leaders and he received the commission of a major in the newly formed Continental army.
- He also fought at Bunker Hill and at the Heights of Dorchester, which victory caused the British to evacuate Boston.
- He was praised for his loyalty to the Continental Army and promoted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the Eighth Massachusetts Regiment.
- Served under George Washington in the New York and New Jersey campaigns of 1776 - including the Battle of Saratoga.
- Was praised by George Washington and by Gen. Lafayette
- After the war he went back to his practice as a hero to his fellow Medford citizens.
- On January 13, 1800, he gave the eulogy for George Washington to Medford saying, "Thus was our much-loved friend, the Father of His Country, great in war, great in peace, great in life, and great in the moment of his defoliation."
- Served as the 11th Governor of Massachusetts 1816 to 1823.
- His biggest accomplishment as Governor was selling off 30,000 square miles of Maine became a state. The Government of Massachusetts sold off the land to help pay off the War debt.
- He was the president of the Washington Monument Association, the Bunker-hill Monument Association.
Rev. Mr. Foster says of John Brook services of April 19, 1775,:
"On the morning of the 19th of April, just at sunrise, alarm-guns were fired. The regulars had gone to Concord. I ran directly to Major Brooks and asked if he were going to Concord, and when. 'Immediately,' was the answer."
"As the enemy passed the road from Bedford, they met a body of minute-men, commanded by Major John Brooks. A little below Bedford Road there was a sharp action, and several of the British were killed."
General Lafayette says of John Brooks in a letter dated September 20, 1824,:
My dear Friend, Col. Huger, my noble deliverer from the Olmutz prison, whose enterprise and sufferings you well know, is going to Boston. I am sure you will be glad to see him (John Brooks), and I take this opportunity to let you hear from me Receive, my dear Friend, the affectionate and grateful wishes of your old brother soldier. Remember me to family and friends, and believe me forever most tenderly attached to you.
Thanksgiving Proclamation of 1817
It's a tradition for a state governor to have a proclamation for Thanksgiving. It's a special way to give thanks and encourage people to spend time with their families.
Every President has given a Thanksgiving Proclamation - with the exception of William Henry Harrison as he only served office for 32 days in 1841.
Governor John Brooks was the 11th Governor of Massachusetts. He served from 1816'1823.
This is part of the Thanksgiving Proclamation that John Brook gave back on October 29, 1817 (200 Years ago!):
For a Day of Public Thanksgiving and Prayer.
The innumerable mercies and blessing which the great Ruler of the world and Disposer of events, has been pleased to vouchsafe, in the course of his providence, to the people of this State, the past year, demand their best tribute of praise and gratitude.
I have therefore, in conformity to ancient usage, thought fit to appoint and, by with the advice and consent of the Council, I do hereby appoint THURSDAY, the Fourth Day of December next, to be observed throughout this Commonwealth, as a Day of Praise and Thanksgiving to God, the Father of lights, from whom cometh down every good and perfect gift. And the people of all religious denominations, are requested to assemble in their respective places of public worship, on that day, that with United and devout affection, we may acknowledge our dependence upon the Divine favor, and present a willing offering to the Lord, the source of all our mercies; more especially that, when the hearts, not only of this people but of a large proportion of the civilized world, were sinking within them, from an apprehension of scarcity and want. He has been graciously pleased to manifest his great benignity, in granting us a favorable seed time ; in blessing and rewarding the labors and toils of the husbandman, in causing the earth to yield its increase, and giving us occasion to rejoice in the fulness of the former, and of the latter harvest: That He has been please to grant signal success to our fisheries, and permitted us to partake largely of the abundance of the seas: That our navigation and commerce has experienced so great a degree of safety and success: That He has been pleased to preserve us from wasting sickness, and all other desolating judgements: That our Nation has been preserved in peace and internal tranquillity, and in the enjoyment of a high degree of social happiness; and that the year has been richly crowned with the goodness of God: But above all, that, in infinity compassion to us as sinners, He has seen fit to continue to cheer, to animate, and bless us with the light, the influences, and the homes of the Gospel.
Download the Entire Speech
When this speech was given, there were only 19 states in the United States! The State of Maine was still part of Massachusetts, it wasn't until March 15, 1820, when Maine became an independent state.
Thanksgiving in December
Thanksgiving wasn't moved to November until 1942. On December 26, 1941, a joint resolution of Congress designated the fourth Thursday in November to be the new Thanksgiving Day.
Frog pond is a small man-made pond in the Boston Public Commons. The pond is a perfect place for kids to cool off in the summer, and a great place for winter skating.
The pond is very shallow as it roughly a foot deep.
A description from a map near the Park Street Station:
Frog Pond, curbed 1826, is the sole survivor of three ponds on the Commons. The Frog Pond was the scene in 1848 of an extravagant "Water Celebration" inaugurating the city's public water system.
Ten things I learned about Frog Pond.
- When Boston Common was founded in 1634, the frog pond area was simply a watering hole for cows that were roaming around the Commons.
- In 1848, the city installed a water fountain inside the pond to commemorate clean water flowing to Boston. This was a big event and hundreds of residents turned out to the opening ceremony.
- July 7, 1859, An elephant, owned by Sam Rice, bathed in Frog Pond. Many years when the Circus came to town they let the Elephants play in the water.
- In 1898, the pond officially became a swimming area. (This is probably when Elephants were no longer allowed into the Pond.)
- According to the Friends of Boston Commons, this year was the earliest that the Frog Pond skating rink opened.
- Each year there is a Frog Pond Skating Spectacular during the Boston Common Tree Lighting ceremony.
- For many years, the Park Commission would just fill the pond with water and let it freeze. There was no enclosure
- There was no skating on the pond during much of the 1980s. On January 5, 1989, skating returned to the Commons with a more formal skating area.
- Cost $6 for adults to skate on the pond, and skates may be rented for $9. At Rockefeller Plaza, in New York City, it cost $25 to skate on the ice and rentals cost $12.
- Bobby the skating Seal is available to help kids build confidence to skate. Kids simply push the Seal while they skate on the ice.
State House Great Hall Clock
In the center hall of the Massachusetts State House is the 'Hall of Flags' in the center ceiling is a clock. Many people may not know about the history around this clock.
Nine Things about the Great Hall Clock
- New York artist Ronald Fischer was selected from 480 applicants in 1988.
- The clock was designed by R.M. Fischer a New York artist, to serve as a functional piece of artwork. Fischer was inspired by the clocks that grace the town halls, churches and other meeting halls of New England.
- In an attempt to relate to the space surrounding the clock, he has employed many arcs and circles that echo the architectural elements of the building such as the arched doorways and circular patterns of the marbled floor.
- The lantern-like shape clock weighs in at 1-tons and is 15 foot around.
- Massachusetts raised $100,000 for the clock in 1986. It wasn't installed until 1990.
- Some people not only complained about the cost of the artwork but that it was done by a New Yorker.
- The clock was requires when any new building or renovation with public money to allocate 1 percent or a maximum of $100,000 to art.
- 27 states or territories have a "Percent for Art' program, currently Massachusetts is the only state in New England without a program.
- Currently there is An Act to establish a Massachusetts percent for arts program By Representatives Walsh of Framingham and Atkins of Concord. This particular legislation would reinstate the 'Percent for Art' program back to Massachusetts.
On the corner of Dartmouth Street and Commonwealth Ave is the Ames-Webster Mansion.
Nine Things I learned about the Ames-Webster Mansion
- Orginal Mansion was built in 1872 for Stephen Van Rensselaer Thayer by Peabody and Stearns.
- September 9, 1880 - Frederick Lothrop Ames purchased the house. The house was remodeled and expanded.
- June 7, 1923 - Edwin S. Webster purchased the property from the Ames family - He co-founded Stone Webster, Ince. died in 1950
- March 15, 2013 - Sold to FAL Boston LLC for $14,500,000. (It was originally listed for $23,000,000 in 2011.
- The Ames-Webster Mansion has one of the largest private halls in the Back Bay (63 x18-ft). The property is 26,000-square-foot -- with 50 rooms and 28 fireplaces and parking for up to six cars
- The property is currently being transformed into three two to four bedroom luxury condominiums by Sheikh Fahad M.S. Al Athel through his company FAL Boston LLC. The company is investing $35 million into the renovation. The project is expected to be completed by 2019. (About the same time as One Dalton Street)
- Each unit is expected to list for $20 million.
- The Ames-Webster Mansion was once considered to be the Massachusetts Governor's residence. Massachusetts still doesn't have a residence for the sitting Governor and is one of only 5 states that don't offer to house to the sitting Governor.
Locating The Mansion
The Mansion is located at the corner of Dartmouth Street and Commonwealth Ave. The building isn't open to the public but worth walking by to see the outside architecture.
Ghost Encounter at the Boston Athenaeum
Weird ghost stories that get told don't usually have much weight. Usually, it's told by people that want the attention.
However, the ghost story at the Boston Athenaeum is not only scary but the person who encountered the ghost was a pretty famous author.
Characters Background Information
Reverend Thaddeus Mason Harris was a Harvard librarian, Unitarian minister and was a lifetime member of the Boston Athenaeum.
Nathaniel Hawthorne is a well-established author famous for many books including The Scarlet Letter and The House of the Seven Gables.
Nathaniel Hawthorne Ghost Encounter
In early spring 1842, Nathaniel Hawthorne was in the library doing some research for his book "The New Adam and Eve".
He visited the library on and off for several months and encounter other authors in the Athenaeum readings rooms. He even saw Reverend Harris sitting in his favorite chair reading the Boston Post.
One day, As he was leaving the reading room a librarian informed him that Reverand Harris had passed on. Nathaniel Hawthorne was sad to hear the news as he wanted to introduce himself to him but never got a chance.
The next day he returned to the library and sat down and looked over to the Reverand chair by the fireplace and spotted Reverend Harris reading the newspaper by the window. He was probably reading his own obituary.
This went on for weeks, as every time Nathaniel Hawthorne visited the library he would see Reverend Harris sitting in the chair reading a newspaper.
Nathaniel Hawthorne never saw Reverend Harris enter the room or leave. No one else appeared to see the Reverend.
Nathaniel Hawthorne has claimed that it appeared like the Reverend wanted to talk to him but remained silent waiting to be spoken to first. After a few weeks, Reverend Harris stopped showing up in his chair.
About ten years later, while visiting friends in Europe they convinced him to put the story in writing. It would eventually get published in the Living Age magazine on February 10, 1900. (The Ghost of Doctor Harris, page 345
Read The Ghost of Doctor Harris
Download The Ghost of Doctor Harris and read the story of the encounter by Nathaniel Hawthorne by the author.
About the Boston Athenaem
The Boston Athenaeum is a private library and the oldest library in Boston. In order to access the reading rooms mentioned in the story, you need to take a tour of the library. Currently tours start at $10.
Individual Membership to the library is $315 a year.
In the Boston Common's Graveyard is a gravestone that stands out among all the other ones. It belongs to Gilbert Stuart.
Gibert Stuart has quite a story
Thirteen things I learned about Gilbert Stuart
- Born in 1755 in North Kingston County Rhode Island. Stuart's birthplace in Saunderstown, Rhode Island is open to the public as the Gilbert Stuart Birthplace and Museum. The museum consists of the original house Stuart was born in, with copies of some of his popular paintings from throughout his career hanging throughout the house.
- In 1786, he married Charlotte Coates of Reading, Berkshire. They had 12 children together.
- No one knows how many pictures that Stuart painted in his lifetime. Frick Art Reference Library has attempted to list Stuart's complete work.
- He painted many famous Americans including President Washington, Jefferson, Adams, Madison, Monroe, General Henry Lee, Robert Paine, Paul Revere and much more.
- He is most known for various George Washington paintings. He did three separate seatings with the first American President. A replica painted by Stuart is on display in the East Room of the White House
- One of Stuart's portrait of Washington, called the "Unfinished Portrait," was also the model used on the dollar bill. You can see the original painting in the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. It's located in the Americans Collection.It's currently jointly owned by the Museum of Fine Arts and National Portrait Gallery. When you're at the museum, take out a dollar bill and compare it to the painting.
- If you go to the Massachusetts State House and to the Governor's waiting room, You'll see an unfinished copy of the George Washington painting. It was copied by Francis Alexander from an original painted by Gilbert Stuart.
- On November 17, 1988 - A copy of "A Portrait of George Washington" was sold at Sotheby's in London for $495,000. Some experts question whether this was an original or just a copy.
- He died on July 9, 1828, and was buried the next day at Central Burying Ground in the Boston Commons. He died a poor man and the family couldn't afford a gravestone. Once the family got their finances settled they couldn't remember where he was buried. Thus, the current gravestone marker is not likely where Gilbert Stuart is actually located.
- In 1898, a bronze plaque was placed on the gate of the Central Burying Grounds by "The Paint and Clay club"
- Special gravestone was placed in 1975. Didn't find any specific reason for the gravestone change. You can see the 1975 date on the gravestone.
- In 1851, the United States issued a George Washington 12 cent stamp based on Gilbert Stuart.
- United States Post Office honored Gilbert Stuart with a 1 cent stamp on September 5, 1940.
You can learn more about Gilbert Stuart history at the Gilbert Stuart Birthplace and Museum.
Finding the Gravestone
The Gilbert Stuart gravestone is located in Central Burying Grounds in the Boston Commons. Directly across from the GrubStreet. You can read more about Central Burial Grounds from my post last year.
John Smibert (Also known as John Smybert) was a Scottish American artist. You can find John Smibert paintings in various art museums:
The painting at Yale University was John Smibert favorite painting as it hung in his Boston office for everyone to see.
Bronze 20" x 20" Monument
Next to the entrance to the Granary Burying Ground is this monument:
Here lies John Smibert
Painter 1688 - 1751
Cherish A Man Such As This
Erected by the City of Boston
John B. Hynes, Mayor
In tiny print you can see: "Ca Ascieri Adi Biccari." I wasn't able to find the date that the Bronze monument was placed, but I suspect it was in 1951 which would have been the 200 anniversary of John Smibert death.
Five things I learned about John Smybert
- Born in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1688 and died in Boston in 1751.
- Considered to be America's First Portrait Painter.
- Organized Boston's first painting exhibition in 1730.
- In 1742, John Smybert designed Faneuil Hall. Faneuil Hall was destroyed in a fire in March 1761, it was rebuilt shortly after keeping many of the original designs.
- He is buried in an unmarked grave at the Granary Burying Ground, Boston, MA.
- In Colonial times people that couldn't afford their gravestones were buried in unmarked graves. It's possible that John Smibert was a poor man when he died.
Boston Neck 2017
The Boston Neck was a small strip of land connecting the mainland to the then-peninsular city of Boston. Over the years the area was filled in as the City of Boston popular grew.
The Boston Neck was an important part of the American Revolution as the British closed the access way into the City of Boston. This was part of the British Seize of Boston April 19, 1775 - March 17, 1776.
William Dawes Journey
On the night of April 18, 1775, William Dawes snuck pass the checkpoint and rode south to warn the British were coming. Paul Revere avoids the checkpoint by crossing the Charles River by rowboat. Both patriots would meet up in Lexington and continued their journey to Concord.
Nearby the Boston Neck is where criminals, religious rebels, and other Colonial-era offenders were publicly hanged. Many published reports that hangings were done at the Boston Commons. This is probably because the area where the hanging was done was called the "Commons Land."
The bodies were then dumped or buried nearby, reportedly leaving unhappy ghosts to haunt the surrounding neighborhood.
Boston Neck in 2017
There are no markers to indicate where the Boston Neck was. Historians that are looking for the exact location will find this overlay map very handy:
The neck was located between Peter's Park and the Cathedral of the Holy Cross.
The only thing that shows the history of the area is at the Union Park Street (Silver Line MBTA station). There's a couple of permanent wall posters of this history of the area.
There is a small park nearby, Peter's Park, where a statue or monument could be placed on the history of the location. Perhaps something to mark William Dawes contribution to the American Revolution.
What do you think? Should the city of Boston put a historical monument about the Boston Neck?
Massachusetts State House Library
The Boston State House is a great place for tourists to learn about the History of Massachusetts.
The State House tours are free and its a great way to learn about the historic building. One location not on the tour is the State House Library. (I suspect this is because people are asked to be quiet in the library.)
The library is open to the public, you don't need to be a researcher to visit the State House Library. If visiting Bates Hall at the Boston Public Library is on your agenda then I would recommend checking the State House Library.
Six Things I Learned about the State House Library
- Open in 1826. 40 years before the Smithsonian and 20 years after the Library of Congress opened.
- In the current location since 1890
- The Library is named after George Fingold who was the Attorney General of the Commonwealth from 1953 to 1956.
- The official symbol is a half circle stain glass window. You can purchase unique souvenir items at the library desk. (You contribution helps support the library.)
- You need a library card to use the computers. There are computers on the first and second floor.
- To get a Library Card you need to be employed by the Legislative or Executive Branch. Unfortunately, the general public isn't allowed to use the computers.
Stain Glass Ceiling
When you're in the library, look up at the stain glass ceiling. You will notice three distinct years on the glass:
- 1620 - Plymouth Plantation is founded
- 1775 - A New Nation is formed. The declaration of Independence is signed.
- 1861 - The start of the Civil War.
I had to ask the Librarian on what the significance of 1861. I thought it might be when the State House was moved. She told me that it's there to remember the start of the Civil War. (The State House was moved from the Old State House in 1798)
The State House Library has temporary exhibits to highlight some of its collection. They are now showcasing Massachusetts Symbols, such as the official State Cookie and the Official State Book.
Find out what the: Official Sport, Recreational and Team Sport, State Berry, State Bean, State Beverage, State Groundhog, State Cat and many more!
Some future Massachusetts State Symbols under consideration: Country Song, Seasoning, Shellfish, Textile, Cupcake, Patriotic Song and more.
The exhibit will be on display until the end of the year.
Visiting the State House Library
The State House library is located in the back of the State House on the third floor. From Monument Court, go up the Grand Staircase and turn left. Keep walking until you see the State House door.
The Temporary Exhibits are outside of the State House Library.