Boston Postings - Page 16
|Earliest: March 16, 2003||Latest: November 26, 2020||Total: 354|
Great Molasses Flood
The Great Molasses flood occurred in Boston in January 1919. A tank explosion causes a sea of Molasses to cover parts of the North End of Boston.
Location of the United States Industrial Alcohol Company is now a Park and Ice Rink.
Eleven things I learned about the Boston Molasses Disaster
- Molasses was used to manufacture industrial alcohol for the First World War.
- The Molasses Disaster occurred on the night of January 15, 1919 (406 days after the Halifax Explosion)
- 2,500,000 gallons of Molasses was spilled around the corner of Commercial Street and Charter Street
- Twenty One Lives were lost because of the collapse of the Molasses containers. (50 injured)
- In 1925,the United States Industrial Alcohol Company settled a pending lawsuit and agreed to pay an unspecified amount of damages. (Estimated $500,000 to $1,000,000) That would be equivalent to $6,973,665.58 $13,947,331.16 in 2016 value.
- Individual claims against death of victims got $7,000 each ($98,667.60 in 2017)
- The cause of the disaster was the tanks weren't designed to hold more than 2,500,000 gallons. There should have been a "factor of safety" and the containers should have been built to hold more weight.
- Boston Building Standards and Zoning laws were drastically changed because of the disaster.
- The United States Industrial Alcohol Company had claimed that it wasn't an accident and was caused by anarchists. Several ships were lost at sea in mysterious ways.
- The area where the tank was located is now the Steriti Rink. You may hear stories about locals still smelling Molasses on a hot day - it's a false lengend.
- There is a proposal to build a monument to the victims on the Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway.
A list of the fatalities can be found on Wikipedia.
Best Boston Blog Post of 2017
This was a great year for creative Boston Blog post. Lots of great content was discovered this year.
It was a lot of fun researching different topics and learning more about the city along the way. Hopefully, the post was entertaining and informative.
Top Seven Boston Blog Posts
In no particular order....
- Oliver Ames Jr. Square - I knew the Ames family had a long history in Boston, it was fun learning about the square.
- District Hall - great place to visit and be inspired by other entrapanures.
- William Dawes - Paul Revere wasn't the only hero on April 19, 1775.
- Boston Public Gardens Foot Bridge - A popular tourist attraction with some interesting history.
- Governor John Brooks - Interesting history about a Revolutionary War volunteer who lead a team of revolutionary fighters in Concord on April 1775. Later he became the 11th Governor of Massachusetts.
- John Winthrop Statue - lot of history behind a statue that many people may never see.
- Coconut Grove Night Club Fire - Some information about a Boston's worst night club disaster.
There's still lots of great content planned for 2018. If you have any topics that you would like to see get covered let me know.
Largest Parking Garages in Metro Boston
There are lots of places to park in Boston. I thought it would be interesting to find out the size of the parking garages in and around Boston.
These were gathered from various sources:
- Websites that manages the parking facilities - Not all facilities list parking spaces. Is it a big secret?
- City of Boston - Lots of outdated information
- Parkopedia.com - Didn't always show the accurate information.
Lead the Field - Prudential Parking Garage
The Prudential Center Garage biggest claim to fame is they are the "Largest Parking garage in New England with 3,600 spaces." Actually the largest garage in New England is the Mohegan Sun garagewith spaces for 13,000 vehicles.
Parking Garages in the Boston Area
Here's an interesting list of other parking garages sizes in and around Boston. This information is accurate as of December 21, 2017.
|Copley Place Garage||1,400 spaces|
|100 Clarendon Street Garage||2,000 spaces|
|Boston Commons Parking Garage||1,350 spaces.|
|Motor Mart Garage||1,037 parking spaces||Once the largest Parking Garage in the World!|
|Government Center Garage||2,310 spaces||Also known as the One Congress Garage.|
|Harbor Garage (New England Aquarium)||1,300 spaces|
|Parking Garage at North Station / TD Boston Gardens||1,275 spaces|
|Boston Museum of Science Garage||850 vehicles|
|Logan International Airport Central Garage||12,000 vehicles||1,700-spaces were added in 2016|
Some Parking Garages along the MBTA routes:
|Alewife Parking Garage||2,733 spaces|
|MBTA North Quincy Station||1,206 spaces|
|MBTA Wonderland||1,862 spaces|
|Amtrak Garage on 128||2,589 Spaces|
Other Notable Garages
- Disneyland parking garage holds 10,000 vehicles.
- Disney Springs Strawberry Lot holds 1,130 vehicles.
- Largest garage in New York City is the garage at Pier 40/West Street with 3,500 spaces
- The West Edmonton Mall in Alberta, Canada holds the record for the largest parking structure in North America with 20,000 spaces.
Phillips Brooks Statue
Next to the Trinity Church, in Copley Square, is a statue of Phillips Brooks.
Things that I learned about Phillips Brooks and the Statue
- Phillips Brooks was born on December 13, 1835, in Boston, Massachusetts
- Attended Boston Latin School and then went to Harvard University in the Fall of 1851, graduated in the class of 1855.
- Rector of Church of the Holy Trinity, Philadelphia, 1862 - 1869
- In April 23, 1865, he read a sermon at President's Lincoln Funeral near Philadelphia's Independence Hall. Lincoln was assassinated in Washington, DC eight days earlier.
- In 1865 he took a trip to the Holy Land. On Christmas Eve he took a horseback trip from Jerusalem to Bethlehem. It was this trip that inspired him to think about a song called "O Little Town of Bethlehem."
- He officially wrote the "O Little Town of Bethlehem" song in 1868 when he was at the Holy Trinity in Philadelphia.
- Phillips Brooks introduced Christianity to Helen Keller and then introduced her to Anne Sullivan.
- One of the few Americans that preached at London's West Minister Abbey
- Rector of Trinity Church (Copley Square), Boston, 1869 - 1891
- Was the rector of the Old Trinity Church when it was on Summer Street in 1872. The Church burn down in the Great Boston Fire of 1872.
- Some people regard the new Trinity Church as a memorial to Bishop Phillips Brooks.
- Bishop of Massachusetts, 1891 - 1893
- Died January 23, 1893.
- The Hall of Fame for Great Americans has a replica of the Daniel Chester French statue of Phillips Brooks. The original can still be seen inside the Trinity Church.
Things that I learned about Phillips Brooks Statue
- The bronze on marble base statue was unveiled on January 22, 1910
- The Statue was done by Augustus Saint-Gaudens using Tennessee marble in Vermont.
- Augustus Saint-Gaudens died before the work started and it was completed by his assistants
- A committee of thirty-one people were in charge of fundraising and statue design.
- More than $95,000 was raised for the statue, which was more than needed to build the statue.
- A case was heard before the State Supreme Court on January 21, 1919, Charles W. Eliot & Others vs Trinity Church, about authorizing to move the statue to the Theological School in Cambridge, as there were some people that didn't like the statue created by Augustus Saint-Gaudens.
- In court, Charles Eliot argued that a better statue was suited for the location. Bela Pratt created a different statue of Phillips Brooks and many people thought Pratt's statue had a better resemblance to the former preacher.
- The Massachusetts State Supreme Court sided with the Trinity Church saying that it didn't have any power to force the Trinity Church to move the statue. The court said, "When charitable gifts can be administered according to the directions of the donors, the court "is not at liberty to modify it upon considerations of policy or convenience."
- The statue done by Bela L. Pratt was placed in the North Andover common in 1925.
- Today you can't see the statue because of construction going on around the Trinity Church
Map of the Boston Marathon Finish Line Locations
Last year I blogged about all the finish line locations for the Boston Marathon. It was a fun project to research the locations and the history of each site.
I looked at the blog content again and thought having a map would be a nice visual enhancement to the content.
Classic Boston Map
Back bay has changed a little over the past few years. So using a standard Google maps isn't going to help in this situation. Fortunately, there is a map in the Back Bay MBTA station that is about 20 years old. So I'll use that to show where the finish lines were located.
I took a picture of the map on the Commuter rail platform and then used Super Vectorizer 2 to convert it to an SVG image. I did this to allow the lines and shapes to be more define and make the map a bit clearer to read.
Finish Line Location Map
- 1897- 1898 - The Early Years
- 1899 - 1964 - Exeter Street Years
- 1965 - 1985 - The Prudential Years
- 1985 - Present - The John Hancock Years
Governor John Brooks
John Brooks was a well-admired doctor, respected military officer, and politician from Massachusetts. He served as the 11th Governor of Massachusetts from 1816 to 1823 and was one of the last Federalist officials elected in the United States.
There is no statue or monument in Boston for John Brooks. There is just a simple painting that is hanging at the Massachusetts State House a few feet from where he once held office. In Medford, there is a tablet honoring her famous resident.
Picture of John Brooks hanging in the Massachusetts State House.
Fourteen things I learned about John Brooks
There's a lot to tell about John Brooks, here are a few things that I found interesting.
- There is no record on when John Brooks was born. He was baptized on May 4, 1752. In the 18th century, parents usually baptized their children within 5 days of being born.
- At the age of 14 he studied medicine under Dr. Simon Tufts in his practice in Medford.
- He was a very active in the local militia. His military experience was basically watching the British army conduct military operations and practiced various military exercises on Dr. Simon Tufts yard.
- When he turned 21, he left Medford to his own practice in nearby Reading, Massachusetts.
- While in Reading he married Miss Lucy Smith. They had three children; Lucy, Alexander Scammella and John.
- On April 19, 1775, he was alerted about the British marching to Concord from Paul Revere and lead a company of minute-men to Concord and Lexington. He arrived in Concord as the British were retreating back to Boston. His team of minute-men chased the British back to Charlestown. His calm courage was seen by many revolutionary leaders and he received the commission of a major in the newly formed Continental army.
- He also fought at Bunker Hill and at the Heights of Dorchester, which victory caused the British to evacuate Boston.
- He was praised for his loyalty to the Continental Army and promoted to the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the Eighth Massachusetts Regiment.
- Served under George Washington in the New York and New Jersey campaigns of 1776 - including the Battle of Saratoga.
- Was praised by George Washington and by Gen. Lafayette
- After the war he went back to his practice as a hero to his fellow Medford citizens.
- On January 13, 1800, he gave the eulogy for George Washington to Medford saying, "Thus was our much-loved friend, the Father of His Country, great in war, great in peace, great in life, and great in the moment of his defoliation."
- Served as the 11th Governor of Massachusetts 1816 to 1823.
- His biggest accomplishment as Governor was selling off 30,000 square miles of Maine became a state. The Government of Massachusetts sold off the land to help pay off the War debt.
- He was the president of the Washington Monument Association, the Bunker-hill Monument Association.
Rev. Mr. Foster says of John Brook services of April 19, 1775,:
"On the morning of the 19th of April, just at sunrise, alarm-guns were fired. The regulars had gone to Concord. I ran directly to Major Brooks and asked if he were going to Concord, and when. 'Immediately,' was the answer."
"As the enemy passed the road from Bedford, they met a body of minute-men, commanded by Major John Brooks. A little below Bedford Road there was a sharp action, and several of the British were killed."
General Lafayette says of John Brooks in a letter dated September 20, 1824,:
My dear Friend, Col. Huger, my noble deliverer from the Olmutz prison, whose enterprise and sufferings you well know, is going to Boston. I am sure you will be glad to see him (John Brooks), and I take this opportunity to let you hear from me Receive, my dear Friend, the affectionate and grateful wishes of your old brother soldier. Remember me to family and friends, and believe me forever most tenderly attached to you.
Thanksgiving Proclamation of 1817
It?s a tradition for a state governor to have a proclamation for Thanksgiving. It?s a special way to give thanks and encourage people to spend time with their families.
Every President has given a Thanksgiving Proclamation - with the exception of William Henry Harrison as he only served office for 32 days in 1841.
Governor John Brooks was the 11th Governor of Massachusetts. He served from 1816?1823.
This is part of the Thanksgiving Proclamation that John Brook gave back on October 29, 1817 (200 Years ago!):
For a Day of Public Thanksgiving and Prayer.
The innumerable mercies and blessing which the great Ruler of the world and Disposer of events, has been pleased to vouchsafe, in the course of his providence, to the people of this State, the past year, demand their best tribute of praise and gratitude.
I have therefore, in conformity to ancient usage, thought fit to appoint and, by with the advice and consent of the Council, I do hereby appoint THURSDAY, the Fourth Day of December next, to be observed throughout this Commonwealth, as a Day of Praise and Thanksgiving to God, the Father of lights, from whom cometh down every good and perfect gift. And the people of all religious denominations, are requested to assemble in their respective places of public worship, on that day, that with United and devout affection, we may acknowledge our dependence upon the Divine favor, and present a willing offering to the Lord, the source of all our mercies; more especially that, when the hearts, not only of this people but of a large proportion of the civilized world, were sinking within them, from an apprehension of scarcity and want. He has been graciously pleased to manifest his great benignity, in granting us a favorable seed time ; in blessing and rewarding the labors and toils of the husbandman, in causing the earth to yield its increase, and giving us occasion to rejoice in the fulness of the former, and of the latter harvest: That He has been please to grant signal success to our fisheries, and permitted us to partake largely of the abundance of the seas: That our navigation and commerce has experienced so great a degree of safety and success: That He has been pleased to preserve us from wasting sickness, and all other desolating judgements: That our Nation has been preserved in peace and internal tranquillity, and in the enjoyment of a high degree of social happiness; and that the year has been richly crowned with the goodness of God: But above all, that, in infinity compassion to us as sinners, He has seen fit to continue to cheer, to animate, and bless us with the light, the influences, and the homes of the Gospel.
When this speech was given, there were only 19 states in the United States! The State of Maine was still part of Massachusetts, it wasn?t until March 15, 1820, when Maine became an independent state.
Thanksgiving in December
Thanksgiving wasn't moved to November until 1942. On December 26, 1941, a joint resolution of Congress designated the fourth Thursday in November to be the new Thanksgiving Day.
Frog pond is a small man-made pond in the Boston Public Commons. The pond is a perfect place for kids to cool off in the summer, and a great place for winter skating.
The pond is very shallow as it roughly a foot deep.
A description from a map near the Park Street Station:
Frog Pond, curbed 1826, is the sole survivor of three ponds on the Commons. The Frog Pond was the scene in 1848 of an extravagant "Water Celebration" inaugurating the city's public water system.
Ten things I learned about Frog Pond.
- When Boston Common was founded in 1634, the frog pond area was simply a watering hole for cows that were roaming around the Commons.
- In 1848, the city installed a water fountain inside the pond to commemorate clean water flowing to Boston. This was a big event and hundreds of residents turned out to the opening ceremony.
- July 7, 1859, An elephant, owned by Sam Rice, bathed in Frog Pond. Many years when the Circus came to town they let the Elephants play in the water.
- In 1898, the pond officially became a swimming area. (This is probably when Elephants were no longer allowed into the Pond.)
- According to the Friends of Boston Commons, this year was the earliest that the Frog Pond skating rink opened.
- Each year there is a Frog Pond Skating Spectacular during the Boston Common Tree Lighting ceremony.
- For many years, the Park Commission would just fill the pond with water and let it freeze. There was no enclosure
- There was no skating on the pond during much of the 1980s. On January 5, 1989, skating returned to the Commons with a more formal skating area.
- Cost $6 for adults to skate on the pond, and skates may be rented for $9. At Rockefeller Plaza, in New York City, it cost $25 to skate on the ice and rentals cost $12.
- Bobby the skating Seal is available to help kids build confidence to skate. Kids simply push the Seal while they skate on the ice.
State House Great Hall Clock
In the center hall of the Massachusetts State House is the ?Hall of Flags? in the center ceiling is a clock. Many people may not know about the history around this clock.
Nine Things about the Great Hall Clock
- New York artist Ronald Fischer was selected from 480 applicants in 1988.
- The clock was designed by R.M. Fischer a New York artist, to serve as a functional piece of artwork. Fischer was inspired by the clocks that grace the town halls, churches and other meeting halls of New England.
- In an attempt to relate to the space surrounding the clock, he has employed many arcs and circles that echo the architectural elements of the building such as the arched doorways and circular patterns of the marbled floor.
- The lantern-like shape clock weighs in at 1-tons and is 15 foot around.
- Massachusetts raised $100,000 for the clock in 1986. It wasn?t installed until 1990.
- Some people not only complained about the cost of the artwork but that it was done by a New Yorker.
- The clock was requires when any new building or renovation with public money to allocate 1 percent or a maximum of $100,000 to art.
- 27 states or territories have a "Percent for Art? program, currently Massachusetts is the only state in New England without a program.
- Currently there is An Act to establish a Massachusetts percent for arts program By Representatives Walsh of Framingham and Atkins of Concord. This particular legislation would reinstate the ?Percent for Art? program back to Massachusetts.
On the corner of Dartmouth Street and Commonwealth Ave is the Ames-Webster Mansion.
Nine Things I learned about the Ames-Webster Mansion
- Orginal Mansion was built in 1872 for Stephen Van Rensselaer Thayer by Peabody and Stearns.
- September 9, 1880 - Frederick Lothrop Ames purchased the house. The house was remodeled and expanded.
- June 7, 1923 - Edwin S. Webster purchased the property from the Ames family - He co-founded Stone Webster, Ince. died in 1950
- March 15, 2013 - Sold to FAL Boston LLC for $14,500,000. (It was originally listed for $23,000,000 in 2011.
- The Ames-Webster Mansion has one of the largest private halls in the Back Bay (63 x18-ft). The property is 26,000-square-foot -- with 50 rooms and 28 fireplaces and parking for up to six cars
- The property is currently being transformed into three two to four bedroom luxury condominiums by Sheikh Fahad M.S. Al Athel through his company FAL Boston LLC. The company is investing $35 million into the renovation. The project is expected to be completed by 2019. (About the same time as One Dalton Street)
- Each unit is expected to list for $20 million.
- The Ames-Webster Mansion was once considered to be the Massachusetts Governor's residence. Massachusetts still doesn't have a residence for the sitting Governor and is one of only 5 states that don't offer to house to the sitting Governor.
Locating The Mansion
The Mansion is located at the corner of Dartmouth Street and Commonwealth Ave. The building isn't open to the public but worth walking by to see the outside architecture.