Boston blog postings
|Earliest: March 16, 2003||Latest: September 20, 2018||Total: 240|
|August 11, 2016|
The Boston Stone is set into the wall of a building on 9 Marshall Street. It is really two stones - a rectangular base, with the carved inscription "Boston Stone, 1737," surmounted by a stone ball.
The Boston Stone has been a local landmark since it "magically" appeared in the 1700s. In 1835, it became an official Boston Landmark.
Here's some information Boston Stone trivia that I found:
There was no record of the "Boston Stone" until around 1770.
On the 'Boston Stone' is the year 1737. In my research, no one was able to identify the meaning of the date.
I came up with two possibilities:
- Celebrate the Irish Heritage - The first formal St. Patrick's Day celebration in Boston was in 1737.
- Commemorate John Hancock - John Hancock was born January 23, 1737.
Some people think that the stone was use as the central point of mileage measurement from the city of Boston. It's only a legend, as the new State House has always is the central point of mileage to Boston.
The stone actually had a purpose it was originally a paint mill, imported from England around 1700 by Painter Thomas Child (1655-1706), who owned the property. The long stone in which a painter would ground and mixed his paint by rolling a circular stone ball back and forth.
When Thomas Child died, John Howe purchased the property and place the long stone and stone ball to the corner of the property to protect it from passing carts.
The wooden house that Thomas Child and John Howe lived in was taken down in 1835. The stone was relocated and put into the new brick building that is standing today.
The top circular stone use to have an eagle on it. (Probably placed sometime 1875 - America Centennial Celebration)
The Boston Stone was was originally stops of the Boston Freedom Trail in the 1950s.
Real Meaning of the Boston Stone
Around the turn of the century, when people would ask about the stone they were given a pamphlet with the following description:
The old wooden house now standing, has for many generations been occupied by a Painter. When the grandfather of the present owner. Mr. John Rowe purchased the house, a large stone was found in the yard. It was hollowed out on one side, used to grind paint. Being of no use in the yard, it was removed to the corner of the house to prevent carts from injuring the building. When I was a boy, in passing the building, I saw a lad named Joe Whiting, whose father occupied the shop, writing on the stone these words - "Boston Stone, Marshall Lane." After I became a man I asked Mr. Whiting who set the boy to work on the stone. He said, "Marshal Lane" at that time no being named, it was difficult to designate his place of business. A Scotchman who opened a shop for the sale of Ale and Cheese directly opposite made a complaint of the difficulty. He said, in London there was a large stone at a certain corner, marked "London Stone," which served as a direction to all places near it, and if I would let Joe write the words "Boston Stone" on this, people would notice it, and it would set them guessing what it meant, and it would become a good landmark.
Now you know. The Boston Stone is nothing more than an 18th Century marketing tool to get people to go down Marshall Street.
|August 4, 2016|
Sacred Cod of Massachusetts
The Sacred Cod is a four-foot, eleven-inch carved-wood effigy of an Atlantic codfish, hanging in the public viewing gallery of the House of Representatives chamber in the Boston's Massachusetts State House. It was placed in the House of Representative chamber ceiling in 1784 to commemorate the importance of the fishing industry to the Bay State.
Sacred Cod History
There have been three versions of the Sacred Cod:
- 1700s - 1747 - Displayed in the Old State House, destroyed by fire.
- 1747 - 1774 - Stolen by the British during the Revolutionary war.
- 1784 - Today - Moved to the new State House in 1895.
Stealing the Sacred Cod
There have been two cases of people stealing the Sacred Cod:
- April 16, 1933, some Harvard Lampoon students stole it, it was returned a few days later in a dramatic fashion. A phone call to the Harvard University Police to have them follow a car with no license plate. After a brief slow speed chase, the car pulled over and two men handed over the Cod and sped away. The Cod was returned about 50 hours after it was stolen.
- November 16, 1968, some Boston UMass students stole the Sacred Cod and was returned a few days later.
President Frankin D, Roosevelt
In 1941, the Sacred Cod became a topic when President Franklin D, Roosevelt visited Boston during a time when there was a push to use aluminum as part of the World War 2 defense. President Roosevelt was invited to visit Boston to start the nation-wide aluminum drive.
According to the Boston Globe, Franklin R. Roosevelt said, "I have been informed that the Sacred Cod emblem of Massachusetts, which hangs in your august chamber, is made of aluminum, or of aluminum sections. I think it would be a generous gesture and an example to the rest of the citizenry if the members of your honorable body voted to contribute the code to the cause of the defense."
The Sacred Cod is under the Massachusetts State Art Commission control, and they did not approve of removing it from the chamber. (There's no indication that they actually took President Frankin D, Roosevelt offer seriously.)
Assorted Sacred Cod Trivia
- John Hancock was the sitting Massachusetts Governor when the original Sacred Cod was given to the House of Representatives.
- The Sacred Cod is made of mostly pine and there's barely any trace of aluminum. The Sacred Cod is Four feet, 11 1/2 inches long, 10 inches wide at its fin point.
- In 1965, the Sacred Cod was cleaned, and when it was placed back it was hung backward facing the South. For 70 years, it was facing North.
- In 1937, some representatives wanted the Cod to be replaced by a greyhound as a tribute to "the power of the dog track operators." In 2008, Massachusetts eliminated Greyhound racing via Question 3 on the November 4, 2008, ballot. The last greyhound race was on December 26, 2009, at Raynham Park.
Viewing the Sacred Cod
You can see the Sacred Cod on a tour of the Massachusetts State House. Tour of the State House is free. You are allowed to take pictures inside the State House.
|July 28, 2016|
Nickys Peanut Cart at Fenway Park
One of the oldest family businesses in Boston is the family that runs the Peanut cart near the Gate 'A' at Fenway Park. The Jacobs family have been serving bag fresh roasted peanuts at Fenway park since April 20, 1912. That's 104 years of service. As far as I know, the Paget family, who own the Swan Boats at the Boston Public Gardens have a longer family tradition. (The Paget family started back in 1877.)
Family Cart History
- 1912 - 1945 -- Peter Davis
- 1945 - 1988 -- George Jacobs - "The Peanut Man," sold Peanuts from the stand from 1945 until he died in 1988.
- 1988 - Current -- Nicky Jacobs - Grandson of Peter Davis
Currently the cost of a Peanut bag at the Nicky's Cart cost $5. Nicky Cart is not the original cart from 1912, he built the current art in 2000 using some of the parts of the original carts. Nicky still has the original cart.
Unfortunately Nicky's Peanut cart business about to end. In 1999, the management team at Fenway Park has requested that all outside food vendors be removed from Fenway park. Nicky's Peanut stand can still run, but when he dies or retires, the license can not be transferred to another person.
Currently there are 18 vendors that fall into the legacy category with Nicky's Peanuts being the oldest continuous outside vendor at Fenway Park. Vendors pay anywhere from $360 to $900 a year for the privilege to sell their goods.
Visiting Fenway Park
The next time your at a game at Fenway Park, why not enter at Gate 'A' and just before you enter, support one of the oldest Fenway Park tradition. You'll find the cart directly across the Red Sox ticketing area on Yawkey Way.
Fenway Game Day
- You are allowed to bring food into Fenway.
- You cannot bring in alcoholic beverages, soda, cans, and other various prohibited items.
- You're allowed one (sealed) bottle of water.
|July 26, 2016|
Cheers Boston - Gluten Free
Last week we went to Cheers on 84 Beacon Street in Boston Massachusetts. The restaurant, formally known as the Bull & Finch Pub, is best known for being the exterior of the Cheers TV show that ran from 1982 and 1993 on NBC.
We stopped in at a very busy lunch hour. The wait time for three people was about 45 minutes. Luckily we hung around the bar and were able to get some seats within 10 minutes of waiting.
We asked for a Gluten Free menu and was given a short menu with five options - they didn't have any kids size menu options.
Cheers Gluten Free Menu Options
Here are the items on the Cheers Gluten Free menu:
- Beef Chili - Our Traditional recipe
- Garden Salad - A seasonal blend of lettuce, cherry tomatoes, radishes, carrots, peppers, and cucumbers. Served with vinegar and oil
- Bunless Burger - Served with our garden salad, oil and vinegar. Covered with artichokes and red peppers.
- Gilled Salmon Filet - Farm raised salmon on a bed of garden vegetables, artichokes, and fire-roasted red peppers.
- Grilled Chicken Breast - Served with rice and roasted vegetables
I ordered the Bunless Burger for my daughter. I asked if they could substitute the oil and vinegar with ranch dressing only if it was gluten free. The bartender checked and ensured us that the ranch dressing that they had was indeed gluten free.
The burger arrived pretty quickly and the burger was on its own plate and the salad was on a separate plate. It seemed to be a weird kind of presentation:
I cut up the burger into bite size pieces so that my daughter could enjoy it. When the bartender asked how the order was, I asked for some cheese so that she could enjoy it a more.
I asked her what she thought of her lunch, and she gave me a thumbs up.
After we paid for our order the bartender said that the pen that I was using to pay for the order matched my daughter's dress and that she could keep it. That made my daughters day and put a big smile on her face. She used the pen to take notes when we went on the Swan boats a bit later.
|July 21, 2016|
Thompson Island Cemetery
Thompson Island is the only Boston Harbor island to have a private graveyard. The graveyard is located on the southern tip of the island.
The sign at the site reads:
In 1842, 23 students who were being rewarded for good behavior with a fishing trip perished tragically in a boating accident. To honor these students the school created this cemetery. Nearly five decades later another boating mishap took the lives of seven more students they too are buried here. The cemetery also includes students or island residents who passed away from illness or accidents, as well as several pre-contact Indians whose remains were discovered on the island.
People that are burried here:
|Charles W Ackers||1870||August 10, 1879|
|James Roach||Nov. 20, 1873||September 6, 1885|
|Charles Lind||October 1, 1902|
|Unknown Wampanoag Indiana||(Skeleton remains were reburied in 1941)|
23 of the 29 Individuals that died in April 29, 1842, boating accident
Specific names were not found.
Seven of the 9 Individuals that died in April 10, 1892, boating accident
- George F. Ellis (16)
- Thomas Phillips (16)
- William W. Curran (17)
- Charles R. Graves (17)
- Harvey E. Loud (16)
- Adelbert H. Packard (16)
A view of Thompson Island Cemetery with overgrown weeds.
Some interesting information about the graveyard
- The cemetery has not been taken care of and many gravestones have sadly disappeared. There are lots of overgrown weeds growing throughout the cemetery.
- The only gravestone that is visible is Charles Lind who died on October 1, 1902.
- Based on various news sources there are 33 people buried at the graveyard.
- The graveyard seems very small for that many people being buried here. I estimate that the cemetery is 9 x 20.
- When the cemetery first opens the students at the Boston Farm would hold a special service on Memorial Day.
|July 14, 2016|
Thompson Island is one of the largest, most accessible and ecologically diverse islands in the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area. The island is open to visitors on Saturdays and Sundays from Memorial Day through Labor Day; otherwise access is by arrangement only.
The only way to get to the island is to use the Charter Boats. Private boats are not allowed to dock on the island.
The Island is 157-acres on Boston Harbor.
History of the island
This is a good brief summary of the history of the island found on one of the trail signs on the island:
In 1626, David Thompson established a trading post to barter with the Neponset Indians. Over the next 200 years, farmers leased the island to graze sheep. In 1833, the educational mission began when a group of philanthropists purchased the island and open the Boston Farm school, a vocational school for Boston orphaned or otherwise at-risk boys.
Tragic History of the Island
There were two fatal boating accidents which resulted in the death of several students and faculty at the Boston Asylum and Farm School for Indigent Boys:
April 29, 1842 Boating incident. The student?s boat, called the Polka, capsized after a fishing trip to the outer harbor. 29 individuals died. (I wasn?t able to find any specific names.)
Sunday, April 10, 1892 - A similar type of boating accident, when a small gust of wind capsize the boat. According to stories at the time, everyone on the boat survived the capsized. They all held on to the boat waiting for a rescue. The wait was long and they kept talking to each other for encouragement. The rescue boat took too long and nine members died:
A. F. Norbert (40) Instructor, Frank F. Hitchcock (19), George F. Ellis (16), Thomas Phillips, (16), William W. Curran (17), Charles R. Graves (17), Harvey E. Loud, (16), Adelbert H. Packard (16)
In 1941, Skeleton remains were found, possibly belonging to Wampanoag Indiana which lived on the island.
Most of the victims of the two boat accidents, the Indian skeleton remains are buried at the graveyard on the south side of the Island.
Things I Learned on a recent trip
- David Thompson was only on the island for a couple of years - yet for 200 years the island has named after him!
- It takes about 30 minutes to get from EDIC to the island dock.
- In 1863, the Philanthropists paid $6,000 for the rights to the island. What cost $6,000 in 1833 would cost $148,541.13 in 2015.
- The boat travels about 10 knots, a bit slower than other motor boats in the harbor.
- The boat entry and exit is downstairs, upstairs has a great view of the Boston skyline. There was very little light on upstairs at night.
- If you go for a company event, there are two areas that you can use: Ocean Bluff Pavilion and Waterfront Landing . The Ocean Bluff Pavilion is better for bigger groups.
- Make sure to bring plenty of suntan lotion, bug spray and bottle water. There are plenty of places on the island to have a picnic.
- I had no problems accessing the Internet on the island.
- There are several large fields for kids to run around and to play various sports.
- The trails around the island gives you beautiful views of Boston Harbor.
- There are various history spots where you learn what the boys at the Boston Farm School used at that location.
- On the Northern side of the island, you can see Airplanes taking off at nearby Logan Airport and then taking a sharp left over the island.
How do you get on the Island?
You get to the island from a private boat shuttle at the EDIC Pier in South Boston. Boat service is only available on weekends from Memorial Day weekend through Labor Day weekend, or via private events.
Ferry service is cash fare. Adult: $17.00 per person, round trip. Children 3-12: $10 per child, round trip / under 3 years ride free. There are no island fee charges.
Thompson Island is an excellent place for a summer outing. They offer excellent catering services and there is plenty of room on the island for any social gathering.
Be sure to check out Challenge Field as it?s a really cool team building exercise. If you don't do it, at least walk by the Challenge field to see what your missing!
Each Thompson Island venue comes equipped with the following:
- Volleyball, Horseshoes, Corn Hole, Ladder Ball, Can Jam,
- Bocce balls, frisbees, footballs, soccer balls, dodge balls,
- wiffle ball and softball (must provide own glove)
- Adirondack chairs and hammocks, trail maps for self-guided nature walks
|July 7, 2016|
Boston Replica Libery Bell Location
On July 6, 1950, Boston got a replica of the famous Liberty Bell. The was inside the entrance, Dorris Hall for about 7 years before it was moved outside the front doors of the Massachusetts State House.
The front of the State Building is a secure area and only the "President" can go out there. At least that what I was told by one of the Serjeant-at-arms that stood by the front door. You can't get a good look at the Bell without a good camera zoom.
Things that I have learned about the bell.
Prior to September 11, 2001, tourist visiting Boston were able to walk up the front steps and touch the bell. This would be the first thing they would encounter before they enter the building.
Today, the Liberty Bell is barely visible from Beacon Street. When you're looking at the state house the bell is just to the left of the front doors, underneath the second window to the left of the door.
While you can only see the Liberty Bell from the steps of the State House, if you go inside to the second floor, you can get a slightly better view of the bell. You do have to ask permission to get behind a desk to see the bell.
A plaque near the bell reads "In standing before this symbol you have the opportunity to dedicate yourself as did our founding fathers, to the principles of the individual freedom for which our nation stands."
The replica Liberty Bell was cast by the Paccard Bell Foundry, which is based in France, in 1950. They produced 300 replicas, and there's one in every state of the USA.
The Liberty Bell in Puerto Rico is in the Polvorin de San Geronimo in the Parque Luis Munoz Rivera in the Porta de Tierra area.)
In Washington DC, The Liberty Bell is on display outside at Union Station. Where anyone can walk up and ring the bell.
You can buy a replica copy of the bell from Paccard Bell Foundry for your home for $3,000. They have a Bronze Bell N*2 - Wooden Handle version for around $25.
The golden dome of the State House serves as the official location of Boston to mapmakers. A sign that says "50 miles to Boston" really means fifty miles to the golden dome.
|June 30, 2016|
Are you thinking about a unique team building activity in the Boston area? Checkout Boda Borg in Malden for a fun 3 hour adventure.
Just what is this Boda Borg thing?
You are on a quest to solve some very creative mini-challenges.
There are various rooms will all sorts of tasks for you to complete in order to move to the next room with another similar challenge.
Some of these tasks might involve you to think logically, while others are physical challenges.
When you successfully complete a challenge, you unlock a box and then you can stamp your passport to show everyone that your team succeeded.
This is certainly a good way to get the team to think together and figure out how to solve the non-business type of problems. You really do need to think outside the box.
After the Quest
If you're looking for a good decompression place to go and talk after the event, visit the Malden Station. It's a great burger bar that has a lot of microbrews on tap. It's only a block away from Boda Borg.
How to get there.
Boda Borg is located in Malden Center, just a few blocks away from the Malden T station. It's about a 30-minute ride on the Orange line from Back Bay to the station.
There is parking across the street for $2 with validation from Boda Borg.
Things I learn about the Boda Borg Quest in Malden
- This is the first Boda Borg in North America. The First Quest was on Saturday October 3, 2015.
- The building once house Sparks Department Store
- Boda Borg spent $4 million to renovate the facility
- The Malden location is 30,000 square feet
- There are quest rooms on the first floor and the basement. Some people said the first floor quest were easier than the basement.
- Dress in loose clothing, many people wore shorts and running shirts. Sneakers please - no sandals. (You'll understand after a couple of quests.)
- Each quest rooms are small in size, about 12 x 12.
- If you get stuck with any challenge, you can ask a Boda Borg for a hint.
- They have plenty of drinks and ice cream in the lobby.
- 5-Wits in Foxboro is similar teaming experience
- 300 People can quest at the same time.
- If there are a lot of people then you may end up waiting up to 10 mins between tries. But that might be just enough time to think about why you failed a particular task.
- If you are going here with friends, make sure to have enough people so that there are 3-4 people in each team.
- After a few hours of quest, I feel the perfect number of team players is three.
- They do have lockers in the basement, don't forget to bring your own padlocks!
- Before going, make sure to fill out the standard waiver form.
If you're searching the Internet for hints for some of the quests adventures, you're missing the point:
Details of each challenge must be shrouded in secrecy, - if a guest knows too much, what's the point of questing.
"We don't sell success, we sell failures." David Spigner CEO Boda Borg
Team Reservations Information
Boda Borg is located on 90 Pleasant St, Malden, MA 02148, you can call them at (781) 321-1081.
|June 23, 2016|
Swan Boats on the Boston Public Gardens
The Swan Boats on the Boston Public Gardens is a popular attraction for tourist and locals. It's still run by the Paget Family who started peddling the boats back in 1877.
The whole concepts of the boats started back in 1861 when Robert Paget went to the Opera to watch Lohengrin. In the show, Elsa, the daughter of the king, is accused of murder and the dashing knight comes to save her in a Swan boat.
Owners of the Swan Boats
- 1877 - 1878 - Robert Paget
- 1878 - 1913 - Julia Paget
- 1913 - 1952 - John J Paget
- 1952 - Present- Paul Paget, Lyn Paget and Phil Paget
Some Things that I learned about the Swan Boats
- The Swan Boats started a year after the Great Elm on the Boston Commons fell.
- In 1881, the boats were not allowed to run on Sundays and employees were arrested for running the boats. (July 21, 1881)
- In 1960, when the Boston Commons garage was in construction, water started flooding the whole garden and the Swan boats were sinking.
- The summer of 1954 was the only summer the boats didn't run because the city drains the pond after 30 ducks died due to an infection.
- John Paget operated Nobscot Apple Orchard in Framingham before taking over the family business.
- The Swan Boat ride takes about 15 minutes.
- The Swan boats don't operate when the wind is above 20 knots.
- The empty Swan boats weight approx 2 tons. and each boat carries up to twenty passengers.
- When the boats are taken out of the water for the winter, they are broken up into 60-odd pieces.
- The Swan boats are taken out on the third Sunday in September and put back into operation on the third Saturday in April.
- It cost $12,000 to make the Swan boats in 1973, adjusted for inflation it would cost $64,928.65 today.
- When you're on the Swan boat, look for the 'Hidden Swan' on one of the nearby buildings.
- Some notables that have ridden the boats include John F. Kennedy, Harry S. Truman, Bob Dylan, Shirley Temple, Arthur Fiedler, Will Rogers, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Cast members of Cheers, Jay Leno, and Joan Crawford. Every single Massachusetts Governor since 1877.
|June 16, 2016|
Equestrian Statue of George Washington
The Equestrian Statue of George Washington is a beautiful statute of George Washington in the Boston Public Gardens. Many tourists use the statue as a background in their Boston photos.
When was the statue unveiled?
The Equestrian Statue of George Washington was unveiled at a small ceremony on Saturday, July 3, 1869, at 5:30 pm. This unveiling was close to the 70th anniversary of George Washington's death.
Former Mayor Alexander Hamilton Rice, the chairman of the George Washington Statue committee, spoke at the ceremony.
Who paid for it?
The statue was paid for by a mix of public and private funds. Most of the money was raised at a fair in 1859. The fair, called the "Washington Statue Fair", raised $10,000 in only eight days. The entire project cost $42,000, of that $34,000 was raised in private funds.
$42,000 was a lot of money in 1859, that's equivalent to more than $7,000,000 dollars today!
Who designed/created it?
Thomas Ball was the sculptor. The Washington Statue Committee wanted a local artist to do the work.
In 1880, Thomas Ball published an autobiographical book, My Threescore Years, which he updated in 1890 as My Three Score Years and Ten. In his autobiography, he provides ?A brief history of the equestrian statue of Washington."
Some things I learned from reading his Autobiography:
He attended the ceremony and was honored for his work with the status.
The horse that he used was Colonel T. Bigelow Lawrence?s Black Prince, the mount ridden by the young Prince of wales for the military reception on the Commons during his 1860 visit.
Early on during the planning, a group of prominent citizens were impressed with Thomas Bell work and had a hard time deciding if he deciding if should put together a statue of Daniel Webster or George Washington. It was decided that the Washington Statue was the more appropriate.
Thomas Ball was asked to create the Minuteman statue in Lexington, Massachusetts. The town had just about finished raising money for the project when the civil war broke out. After the war, the town had to start again because many key investors died in the war. The town evidently awarded the contract to Daniel Chester French.
In 1900, Daniel Chester French created a statue for Washington in Paris.
Location of the Statue
The Statue is located in the Boston Public Gardens, near Commonwealth Ave and Arlington Street. The statue greets people as they enter in the Public Gardens from Commonwealth Ave.
The nearest T stop is the Green Line (Arlington Station.)
George Washington first appeared on the dollar bill in 1869.
One person in attendance during the unveiling - Timothy Dodd, actually saw George Washington in Hartford, CT when he was 15 years old.
The Great Elm on Boston Commons was still standing when the Equestrian Statue was placed in the Boston Public Gardens. (It came down 7 years later)
The model for this statue is held by the Boston Athenaeum. You need to be a member of the Boston Athenaeum to see the model.
Total height of the monument is 35 feet, of which 16 feet is taken up by the pedestal.
The figure of Washington is 2,000 pounds, and the weight of the horse is 5,000 pounds. The entire weight of the monument is 10,500 pounds.
The garden beds around the statue are always changing. If you visit around Mothers day you'll be sure to see blooming tulips.
The face of Washington looks towards the West. If you plan on taking pictures, your better off seeing the statue in the afternoon. (The face won't be in the shade.)
The Washington Statue is one of the most popular photo spots in the Boston Public Gardens. Other spots nearby include the Make Way for Ducklings and the Swan Boats from the Lagoon bridge. Nearby is the Boston?s 9/11 memorial, Ether Monument, and the park bench that Robin William sat on in the ?Good Will Hunting? movie.
Letter to Boston
The following letter was given to the mayor at the ceremony as formal declaration that this statue is for the people of Boston.
Boston, July 1, 1869
Hon Nath'l B. Shurtleff, Mayor of Boston.
Sir, - The Washington Statue Committee, a corporation under the laws of the Commonwealth, composed of the following named persons: Alexander H. Rice, Thomas Russell, Francis A Underwood, Warren Sawyer, George H, Chickering Benjamin S. Rotch and George Wm Wales, has this day voted to authorize it officers to convey the equestrian statue of Washington, by Thomas Ball, executed in bronze, and the pedestal upon which it now stands in the Public Garden, to the City of Boston, to be held in trust for its citizens forever, as an ornament to the public grounds. By virtue of this authority, the undersigned respectfully convey said statue and pedestal, through you, to the City of Boston, in accordance with the terms of said vote; as we remain your ob't servants, Alexander H. Rice, Presiden. John D.W. Joy, Treasurer. F. H. Underwood, Secretary.