Oliver Ames Jr. Square
At the corner of Commonwealth Avenue and Charlesgate West, near Kenmore Square, is a sign indicating that it's Oliver Ames Jr Square. Did you know, that Boston had two famous Oliver Ames Jr?
- Oliver Ames Jr (1807 - 1877) - President of the Union Pacific Railroad
Key Accomplishment: Instrumental with completion of the first transcontinental Railroad in North America.
- Oliver Ames Jr (1895 - 1918) - United States Army Officer
Key Accomplishment: A courteous kindly gentleman and a true soldier
The square is named for Lieutenant Oliver Ames Jr. who served in the 165th United States Infantry Regiment, part of the 42nd Infantry Division in World War One. On July 29th, 1918, he gave his life at the Second Battle of the Marne.
Oliver Ames Jr (1807 - 1877) is the father of Oliver Ames Jr (1895 - 1918)
Some interesting thing that I learned about Oliver Ames Jr:
- Born in Boston on April 8, 1885
- Married Caroline Lee Fessenden before the World War I
- Served in the 165th United States Infantry Regiment, part of the 42nd Infantry Division
- The 42nd Infantry Division was mostly made up of National Guard units.
- Served under Major "Wild Bill" Donovan
- Was killed by a German sniper who was hiding behind a dead horse at the Battle of the Ourcq River during the second battle of the Marne.
- He received the Distinguished Service Cross posthumously with the following text: "He fought gallantly until on the last day he was killed while going forward voluntarily through machine-gun and snipers' fire to the assistance of his battalion commander."
- In 1922, a book about him called "OLIVER AMES, J R - 1895-1918" by Mark Antony De Wolfe Howe published by Harvard Press
- The book contains actual letters that he wrote home from the frontline.
You can see the new "Boston Strong" sign from the square. The square is between the cars and the "Boston Strong" sign.
Oliver Ames Jr buried at the Oise-Aisne American Cemetery and Memorial in Picarde, France. His grave reads:
Oliver Ames, Jr.
2nd Lt. Inf. U. S. R.
Killed in action, July 29th, 1918
Act. Adjutant 1st Btn. 65th Inf.